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Control of spontaneous spin splitting in an asymmetric quantum well with the use of strain and/or magnetic field
KTH, Superseded Departments, Physics.
2001 (English)In: Physica. E, Low-Dimensional systems and nanostructures, ISSN 1386-9477, E-ISSN 1873-1759, Vol. 10, no 03-jan, 81-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Spin-orbit coupling combined with inversion asymmetry gives rise to spin splitting even in the absence of an applied magnetic field. The size of this spin splitting can be controlled by changing the degree of asymmetry using a gate voltage. We present here other less obvious ways of controlling the spontaneous spin splitting in a two-dimensional hole gas, where these effects are particularly large. Applying moderate stress can easily decrease the spin splitting by an order of magnitude. The mechanism is the strain-induced energy shift of the heavy-hole and light-hole subbands, which diminishes the degree of band mixing, which is found to be strongly correlated to the spin splitting. An applied magnetic field causes an additional Zeeman splitting, but we find that a magnetic field of 1T can be sufficient to practically erase the difference between a symmetric quantum well (without subband splitting) and an asymmetric quantum well. We have simulated Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations and found that two periodicities in 1/B can occur even for one filled spin-degenerate hole subband.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 10, no 03-jan, 81-85 p.
Keyword [en]
spin splitting, strain, Landau levels, Shubnikov-de Haas effect
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20654ISI: 000168902800018OAI: diva2:339350
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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