Tl-Pt(CN)(5) in the solid state - A multimethod study of an unusual compound containing inorganic wires
2001 (English)In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 7, no 10, 2167-2177 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The crystal and molecular structure of a polycrystalline powder with a metal-metal bond and the composition TlPt(CN)(5) has been determined by combining results from X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and vibrational spectroscopic studies. The XRD data gave the tetragonal space group P4/nmm (No. 129). with a = 7.647(3), c = 8.049(3) Angstrom, Z = 2, and well-determined positions of the heavy metal atoms. The Pt-Tl bond length in the compound is 2.627(2) Angstrom. The platinum atom coordinates four equivalent equatorial cyano ligands, with a fifth axial CN ligand and a thallium atom completing a distorted octahedral coordination geometry. The Tl-Pt(CN)(5) entities are linked together in linear -NC-Pt-Tl-NC-Pt-Tl chains through the axial cyano ligand. These linear wires are the essential structural features and influence the properties of the com-pound. A three-dimensional network is formed by the four equatorial cyano ligands of the platinum atom that form bridges to the thallium atoms of neighbouring antiparallel chains. The platinum atom and the five nitrogen atoms from the bridging cyano groups form a distorted octahedron around the thallium atom. EXAFS data were recorded at the Pt and Tl L-III edges for a more complete description of the local structure around the Pt and Tl atoms. The excessive multiple scattering was evaluated by means of the FEFF program. Raman and infrared absorption spectroscopy reveal strong coupling of the vibrational modes of the TlPt(CN)(5) entities, in particular the metal - metal stretching mode, which is split into four Raman and two IR bands. Factor group theory shows that a structural unit larger than the crystallographic unit cell must be used to assign vibrational bands. Intra- and intermolecular force constants have also been calculated. The compound exhibits red luminescence at 700+/- 3 nm in glycerol and has a corresponding excitation maximum at 240 nm. X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) show that the metal atoms have intermediate oxidation states, Pt3.2+ and Tl1.6+, between those in the parent Pt-II and Tl-III species and the decomposition products, Pt-IV and Tl-I. The solid compound TlPt(CN)(5) is stable to 520 degreesC. However in presence of water, a two-electron transfer between the metal atoms results in the cleavage of the metal-metal bond at 80 degreesC, forming a Pt-IV pentacyanohydrate complex and a monovalent thallium ion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 7, no 10, 2167-2177 p.
cyanides, EXAFS spectroscopy, platinum, thallium, X-ray diffraction, platinum-thallium compounds, metal-metal bond, aqueous-solution, structural characterization, absorption-spectra, complexes, tl2pt(cn)4, palladium, pt(cn)42, ions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20657ISI: 000168906800012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20657DiVA: diva2:339353
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved