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A viscoelastic model for fiber-reinforced composites at finite strains: Continuum basis, computational aspects and applications
2001 (English)In: Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, ISSN 0045-7825, E-ISSN 1879-2138, Vol. 190, no 34, 4379-4403 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a viscoelastic model for the fully three-dimensional stress and deformation response of fiber-reinforced composites that experience finite strains. The composites are thought to be (soft) matrix materials which are reinforced by two families of fibers so that the mechanical properties of the composites depend on two fiber directions. The relaxation and/or creep response of each compound of the composite is modeled separately and the global response is obtained by an assembly of all contributions. We develop novel closed-form expressions for the fourth-order elasticity tenser (tangent moduli) in full generality. Constitutive models for orthotropic, transversely isotropic and isotropic hyperelastic materials at finite strains with or without dissipation are included as special cases. In order to clearly show the good performance of the constitutive model, we present 3D and 2D numerical simulations of a pressurized laminated circular tube which shows an interesting 'stretch inversion phenomenon' in the low pressure domain. Numerical results are in good qualitative agreement with experimental data and approximate the observed strongly anisotropic physical response with satisfying accuracy. A third numerical example is designed to illustrate the anisotropic stretching process of a fiber-reinforced rubber bar and the subsequent relaxation behavior at finite strains. The material parameters are chosen so that thermodynamic equilibrium is associated with the known homogeneous deformation state.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 190, no 34, 4379-4403 p.
Keyword [en]
formulation, elasticity, implementation, rubber, solids
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20693ISI: 000169143400002OAI: diva2:339389
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Holzapfel, Gerhard A.Gasser, T. Christian
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