Two new concepts to measure fluorescence resonance energy transfer via fluorescence correlation spectroscopy: Theory and experimental realizations
2001 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 105, no 28, 6851-6866 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study, we demonstrate two new concepts, using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), to characterize fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). The two approaches were tested experimentally by measuring a series of double-stranded DNA molecules, with different numbers of base-pairs separating the donor (Alexa488) and acceptor (Cy5) fluorophores. In the first approach, FRET efficiencies are determined from the detected acceptor fluorescence rate per molecule. Here, the unique possibility with FCS to determine the mean number of molecules within the detection volume is exploited, making a concentration calibration superfluous. The second approach takes advantage of FRET-dependent fluorescence fluctuations of photophysical origin, in particular fluctuations generated by trans-cis isomerization of the acceptor dye. The rate of interchange,between the trans and cis states is proportional to the excitation rate and can be conveniently measured by FCS. Under FRET-mediated excitation, this rate can be used as a direct measure of the FRET efficiency. The measured isomerization rate depends only on the fluctuations in the acceptor fluorescence, and is not affected by donor, fluorescence cross-talk, background, dye labeling efficiencies, or by the concentration of molecules under study. The measured FRET efficiencies are well in agreement with a structural model of DNA. Furthermore, additional structural information is obtained from simulations of the measured fraction of acceptor dyes being in a nonfluorescent cis conformation, from which differences in the position and orientation of the trans and cis form of the acceptor dye can be predicted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 105, no 28, 6851-6866 p.
single-molecule, conformational dynamics, intramolecular dynamics, diffusing molecules, charge-transfer, dna, fluctuations, dye, identification, dependence
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20825DOI: 10.1021/jp010301aISI: 000170110600011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20825DiVA: diva2:339522
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved