Characterisation of low molar mass siloxanes extracted from crosslinked polydimethylsiloxanes exposed to corona discharges
2001 (English)In: Polymer, ISSN 0032-3861, E-ISSN 1873-2291, Vol. 42, no 21, 8883-8889 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Crosslinked polydimethylsiloxanes were exposed to corona discharges in dry air at normal pressure. Short-time solvent extraction and subsequent analysis of the extractables, by gas chromatography, mass spectrometry and size exclusion chromatography showed that, oligomers consisting mainly of cyclics with 4-9 repeating units were formed during corona exposure. The size distribution of the oligomers was independent of the crosslink density and corona exposure time. The amount of oligomers located at the surface increased, with increasing storage time, after the corona exposure in qualitative agreement with the ongoing hydrophobic recovery process. Longer extractions penetrated deeper into the samples, and, in addition to the cyclic oligomers, higher molar mass species (similar to 50,000 g mol(-1) for unexposed samples) were detected. Samples exposed to corona, treated in this way, showed a broadening of the high molar mass peak towards lower molar masses.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 42, no 21, 8883-8889 p.
polydimethylsiloxane, corona discharges, degradation products, thermal-degradation, recovery, surfaces, hydrophobicity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20841ISI: 000170217200045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20841DiVA: diva2:339538
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved