Seasonal variations in corrosion rate and runoff rate of copper roofs in an urban and a rural atmospheric environment
2001 (English)In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 43, no 12, 2379-2396 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper summarizes the results from an extensive field exposure program implemented to study possible seasonal dependencies of copper corrosion rates and runoff rates. Two-year exposures in one urban and one rural environment were performed at four different starting seasons. An extensive multi-analytical approach was undertaken of all exposed samples. Seasonal differences in corrosion product formation was observed during the first month of exposure and attributed mainly to differences in relative humidity conditions. Seasonal differences in corrosion rate at the rural site could be discerned throughout the whole two-year exposure, again, mainly attributed to differences in relative humidity, No seasonal effect could be observed at the urban site indicating that other parameters influenced the corrosion kinetics at this site. While corrosion rates exhibit a continuous decrease with exposure time. the yearly runoff rates are independent of time. Depending on starting months the yearly copper runoff rates ranged from 1.1 to 1.7 g m(-2) y(-1) for the urban site, and from 0.6 to 1.0 g m(-2) y(-1) for the rural site. These seasonal variations were primarily attributed to differences in precipitation quantity and environmental characteristics. Runoff rates are significantly lower than corrosion rates as long as the adhering copper patina is growing with exposure time. A full risk assessment requires not only information on the total amount of copper in the runoff, but also on its chemical speciation, Under present conditions, 70-90%,, of all copper in runoff water collected immediately after leaving the surface is present as the most bioavailable form, the hydrated cupric ion, Cu(H2O)(6)(2+).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 43, no 12, 2379-2396 p.
metal dispersion, copper, atmospheric corrosion, corrosion rates, runoff rates, seasonal effects, in-situ, outdoor
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-20985ISI: 000171348800013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-20985DiVA: diva2:339682
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved