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DNS of mixing and reaction of two species in a turbulent channel flow: A validation of the conditional moment closure
2001 (English)In: Flow Turbulence and Combustion, ISSN 1386-6184, E-ISSN 1573-1987, Vol. 66, no 3, 209-239 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We consider the chemical reaction in a turbulent flow for the case that the time scale of turbulence and the time scale of the reaction are comparable. This process is complicated by the fact that the reaction takes place intermittently at those locations where the species are adequately mixed. This is known as spatial segregation. Several turbulence models have been proposed to take the effect of spatial segregation into account. Examples are the probability density function (PDF) and the conditional moment closure (CMC) models. The main advantage of these models is that they are able to parameterize the effects of turbulent mixing on the chemical reaction rate. As a price several new unknown terms appear in these models for which closure hypothesis must be supplied. Examples are the conditional dissipation < chi \ phi >, the conditional diffusion < kappa del (2) phi \ u, phi > and the conditional velocity < u \ phi >. In the present study we investigate these unknown terms that appear in the PDF and CMC model by means of a direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a fully developed turbulent flow in a channel geometry. We present the results of two simulations in which a scalar is released from a continuous line source. In the first we consider turbulent mixing without chemical reaction and in the second we add a binary reaction. The results of our simulations agree very well with experimental data for the quantities on which information is available. Several closure hypotheses that have been proposed in the literature, are considered and validated with help of our simulation results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 66, no 3, 209-239 p.
Keyword [en]
channel flow, DNS, turbulent mixing, turbulent reacting, direct numerical-simulation, homogeneous turbulence, scalar dissipation, concentration fluctuations, passive scalar, model, statistics, layer, surface, fluxes
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21035ISI: 000171661100002OAI: diva2:339732
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Brethouwer, Geert
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Flow Turbulence and Combustion

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