Levels of ochratoxin A in blood from Norwegian and Swedish blood donors and their possible correlation with food consumption
2001 (English)In: Food and Chemical Toxicology, ISSN 0278-6915, E-ISSN 1873-6351, Vol. 39, no 12, 1145-1151 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Blood levels of ochratoxin A were determined in 406 Scandinavian blood donors (206 from Oslo, Norway, and 200 from Visby on the island of Gotland, Sweden), using an HPLC method. In connection with the blood collection, the subjects were asked to fill in a food questionnaire to obtain individual dietary information relevant to ochratoxin A exposure. The mean plasma level of ochratoxin A was 0.18 ng/ml in Oslo and slightly higher, 0.21 ng/ml (P = 0.046) in Visby. There was no correlation between plasma levels of ochratoxin A and the estimated total dietary intake of ochratoxin A based on consumption data and levels in food (retrieved from the literature), neither was the plasma level of ochratoxin A correlated with the total amount of food consumed. However, consumption of several foods, including cereal products, wine, beer and pork, were to some minor degree related to high plasma levels of ochratoxin A. The strongest correlations (correlation coefficient r >0.4; P <0.001) were observed for women in relation to the consumption of beer or medium brown bread. Correlation analysis of combinations of two or more food categories did not result in any statistically significant correlation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 39, no 12, 1145-1151 p.
ochratoxin A, biomarker, human exposure, dietary intake, risk assessment, plasma
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21124ISI: 000172349200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21124DiVA: diva2:339821
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved