Thermal degradation of poly(ethylene oxide-propylene oxide-ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer: comparative study by SEC/NMR, SEC/MALDI-TOF-MS and SPME/GC-MS
2002 (English)In: Polymer, ISSN 0032-3861, E-ISSN 1873-2291, Vol. 43, no 4, 1081-1094 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
By comparing size exclusion chromatography/matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation (SEC/MALDI) and SEC/NMR spectra from virgin poly(ethylene oxide-propylene oxide-ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer, we were able to understand the bimodal distribution observed in poloxamer 407. Propylene oxide, isomerised to allyl alcohol during polymerisation, eventually forms a Poly(ethylene oxide-propylene oxide) diblock copolymer when EO is added to the feed. The oxidative thermal degradation of poloxamer 407 at 80 degreesC in air was studied. We found by MALDI that degradation starts after 21 days in the PPO block of the copolymer. This result was confirmed by solid phase microextraction/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME/GC-MS): The first volatile degradation product to appear is 1,2-propanediol,1-acetate,2-formate. The structure of this molecule suggests that a six-ring intramolecular decomposition reaction of the PPO chain occurs at the very beginning of the polymer breakdown. Thus, the secondary hydroperoxide formed on the PPO chain plays a major role on the thermoxidation of poloxamer materials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 43, no 4, 1081-1094 p.
poloxamer 407, oxidation, mass spectrometry, laser-desorption ionization, poly(propylene oxide), products, pyrolysis, polymers, glycol)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21184ISI: 000172824400005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21184DiVA: diva2:339881
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved