Aging of silicone rubber under ac or dc voltages in a coastal environment
2001 (English)In: IEEE transactions on dielectrics and electrical insulation, ISSN 1070-9878, E-ISSN 1558-4135, Vol. 8, no 6, 1029-1039 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Material samples of silicone rubber with known differences in their composition, i.e. different filler content and extra silicone oil added, have been aged at the Anneberg field station on the west coast of Sweden. ac or dc voltage supplied to cylindrical samples at stress levels of 50 or 100 V/mm. The work includes laboratory examination of material changes together with on-site, visual observations and leakage current measurements. Material samplings for the laboratory tests were made after 18 months of electrical aging, which went on for one more year in order to gather further information on the long-term electrical performance of the material. The dominant aging factor was the level of the applied stress, independent of ac or dc voltage. The dc stressed samples showed a higher leakage current and exhibited larger surface degradation compared with samples exposed to ac voltage. The material parameter, an addition of extra silicone oil, initially lead to an increase in adhesion of pollutants, whereas the overall performance was improved by the higher suppression of the leakage current related to oligomer diffusion. Samples with lower level of alumina trihydrate (ATH) exhibited a delayed onset of degradation, but once damaged they degraded more rapidly than the specimens with a higher ATH content. Infrared spectroscopy showed that the ATH was completely consumed at the eroded surface regions. The aging of the surfaces was further assessed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The low molar mass siloxanes present in the pollution layer were extracted and analyzed by size exclusion chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. The results indicated that the main degradation factor was thermal depolymerization activated by electrical discharges. Oxidative crosslinking of the silicone rubber, usually attributed to surface close corona discharges, appeared to have played a minor role.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 8, no 6, 1029-1039 p.
polydimethylsiloxane, degradation, recovery, surfaces, insulators, coatings
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21188ISI: 000172877800026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21188DiVA: diva2:339885
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved