Effect of cubic phase composition on gradient zone formation in cemented carbides
2001 (English)In: International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials, ISSN 0263-4368, Vol. 19, no 06-apr, 527-538 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cemented carbide cutting tool inserts with a surface zone depleted of hard cubic carbides and enriched in ductile binder phase have been studied experimentally using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron probe micro analysis (EPMA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results are compared with simulations based on a solution of the multicomponent diffusion equations, coupled with calculations using thermodynamic descriptions of the individual phases. The materials in the study are based on WC-Ti(C,N)-Co, WC-Ti(C,N)-NbC-Co and WC-Ti(C,N)-TaC-Co. The surface zone is formed by creating a gradient in nitrogen activity in the material, leading to an outward diffusion of N. Due to thermodynamical coupling between N and Ti, the outward diffusion of N will lead to an inward diffusion of Ti, and a surface zone depleted in cubic carbides is formed. Additions of elements like Ta or Nb will affect the width of the surface zone. A material with a Ta-containing cubic phase will have a narrower surface zone than a material with a Nb-containing cubic phase. Ta or Nb additions also affect the distribution of the different phases in and adjacent to the surface zone.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 19, no 06-apr, 527-538 p.
gradient sintering, microstructure, diffusion, thermodynamics, computer simulation, simulations
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21229ISI: 000173068800037OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21229DiVA: diva2:339927
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved