In-situ measurements of gas permeability in fuel cell membranes using a cylindrical microelectrode
2002 (English)In: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 0022-0728, Vol. 518, no 2, 115-122 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A new method to study permeation of gases in proton conducting membranes using a cylindrical microelectrode is presented. The focus of this work was to develop an in-situ method to study transport properties of hydrogen and oxygen close to real fuel cell operating conditions. The gas permeability is strongly affected by the change of water content in the membrane and it is therefore of advantage that, by using this method, measurements can be carried out over a wide range of relative humidities. The numerical method makes it possible to separate the diffusion coefficient and the concentration of dissolved gas in the membrane and also allows kinetic limitations to be taken into account. Chronoamperometric measurements on Nafion(R) 117 were successfully evaluated numerically. Experiments at temperatures of 25 and 60 degreesC with respect to oxygen permeation and at 60 degreesC for hydrogen permeation at relative humidities in the range 30-94% are presented. The reproducibility of data was excellent when measuring with different microelectrodes, on the same membrane sample, but differed when measuring on different samples. In general, the permeability increases with increasing temperature and relative humidity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 518, no 2, 115-122 p.
proton conducting membrane, microelectrode, oxygen gas, hydrogen gas, gas permeability, polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, oxygen reduction, microcylinder electrodes, permeation properties, hydrogen permeation, nafion interface, water-uptake, spe method, diffusion, chronoamperometry, voltammetry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21296DOI: 10.1016/S0022-0728(01)00698-2ISI: 000173639700005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21296DiVA: diva2:339994
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-102010-10-14Bibliographically approved