An experimental investigation of the sequence effect in block amplitude loading of cross-ply composite laminates
2002 (English)In: International Journal of Fatigue, ISSN 0142-1123, E-ISSN 1879-3452, Vol. 24, no 04-feb, 437-446 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Palmgren-Miner rule has been shown to be inexact in many cases for various composite materials. Several empirical models have been conceived to account for this discrepancy, as well as the effect of block sequence. The approach taken here is based on the underlying mechanisms. A cross-ply laminate was used as a model material. In general, composites show both initiatory and progressive mechanisms under fatigue loading. The former is active at high static stresses, whereas the latter predominates at lower stress amplitudes where they are given sufficient time to propagate, Initiatory mechanisms give rise to damage from which the progressive mechanisms can start, and conversely the progressive mechanisms continually alter the local stress state which results in further damage accumulation caused by the initiation controlled mechanisms. In a cross-ply laminate, the initiatory mechanism is the formation of transverse cracks, and the progressive mechanism is mainly delamination growth initiated from the transverse cracks. In an experimental investigation of carbon fiber/epoxy cross-ply laminates, the interaction of these mechanisms has shown why a sequence of high-low amplitude levels results in shorter lifetimes than a low-high order. Such a sequence effect seems to be a common behavior for many other composite materials, and can be mechanistically explained by a similar kind of interaction. Advantages and drawbacks of the mechanistic approach compared with empirical rules are also discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 24, no 04-feb, 437-446 p.
block loading, variable amplitude fatigue, polymer matrix composites, cross-ply laminates, sequence effect, damage mechanisms, fractography, life prediction, fatigue life, strength, delamination, initiation, cracking, growth, model
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21329DOI: 10.1016/S0142-1123(01)00099-8ISI: 000173957700040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21329DiVA: diva2:340027
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-102016-05-27Bibliographically approved