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Doped ceria-chloride composite electrolyte for intermediate temperature ceramic membrane fuel cells
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2002 (English)In: Materials letters (General ed.), ISSN 0167-577X, E-ISSN 1873-4979, Vol. 53, no 3, 186-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A kind of oxide-salt composite electrolyte, gadolinium-doped ceria (GDC)-LiCl-SrCl2, prepared with hot-press technique, shows superior ionic conductivity, which is 2-10 times higher than that of GDC itself at the temperature range of 400-600 degreesC. More interestingly, not like the GDC electrolyte, which has some extent of electronic conduction under reducing atmosphere, the composite electrolyte is almost a pure ionic conductor, evidenced by the fuel cell's (FC) open circuit voltage (OCV) close to the theoretical one. The fuel cells based on this composite electrolyte show excellent power density output even at temperature as low as 500 degreesC (240 mW cm(-2)) in spite of the relatively thick electrolyte (0.4 mm). Such high performance, in combination with its low cost in both raw materials and fabrication process, make this kind of composite electrolyte a good candidate electrolyte material for future ultra-low-cost intermediate temperature ceramic membrane fuel cells (IT-CMFCs).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 53, no 3, 186-192 p.
Keyword [en]
gadolinium-doped ceria (GDC-LiCl-SrCl2), composite electrolyte, intermediate temperature ceramic membrane fuel cells (IT-CMFCs), conductivity, solid electrolytes, lanthanum gallate, oxide, conduction, lagao3, proton, 500-degrees-c, operation, li2so4
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21370ISI: 000174312400011OAI: diva2:340068
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Zhu, Bin
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