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Design and characterisation of a close-concentric annular reactor for kinetic studies at high temperatures
KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
2002 (English)In: Chemical Engineering Science, ISSN 0009-2509, E-ISSN 1873-4405, Vol. 57, no 5, 749-762 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A novel annular reactor for kinetic studies at high temperature and flow conditions has been designed to keep eccentricity tolerances below 10%. In a previous work, we have shown that it is very important to keep such low eccentricity values in order to collect reliable kinetic data from this type of reactors. As proposed in this study, a modified reactor with the use of a spacer could guarantee an annular duct with low levels of eccentricity. Manufacturing tolerances or deformation effects giving rise to eccentricity can be significantly minimised when using this apparatus. The reactor has been both experimentally and theoretically characterised. Carbon monoxide oxidation was used as a model reaction under mass-transfer limited conditions revealing an eccentricity of similar to5%. With such small eccentricity levels, a concentric annular form can be assumed in the reactor analysis. Simple 1D or 2D models can therefore be inexpensively used in the evaluation of the kinetic data. Also, prior to the design of the annular reactor, a numerical investigation was carried out to clarify the effects of eccentricity, physical properties of the carrier gas and the annular aspect ratio on mass-transfer limitations. Contrary to expectations, a considerable increase in the fuel mass-diffusivity by carrier gas substitution did not change the mass-transfer rates for cases when eccentricity and aspect ratios were high.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 57, no 5, 749-762 p.
Keyword [en]
annular reactor, eccentricity, mass transfer, kinetics, CO combustion, transport processes, reaction engineering, catalytic monolith reactor, mass-transfer, co oxidation, combustion, platinum, washcoat, methane, air
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21396ISI: 000174508700004OAI: diva2:340094

QC 20100525

Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10 Last updated: 2014-09-24Bibliographically approved

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Edsberg, Lennart
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Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA
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