A theoretical and experimental study of continuous-casting tundishes focusing on slag-steel interaction
2002 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 33, no 2, 173-185 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A model of a tundish has been developed that takes into account the steel, slag, and refractory phases, Predicted temperatures and velocities in the steel and refractory from the model were earlier found to agree well with measured velocities and temperatures. The model was also used to determine the optimal location of flow devices, making the temperature distribution in the steel more even and enhancing the removal of inclusions to the slag. In this study, the focus was on using the model to study the slag/steel interface in the tundish. Predictions showed that slag is dispersed into the steel close to the interface as well as close to the ladle shroud. In order to confirm these predictions. the momentary interfacial solidification sampling (MISS) method was developed. Using this method, a sample of the steel/slag interface could be taken that represented almost an instantaneous picture of the interface. The MISS sampler was used for sampling low-carbon steel in the tundish. Samples were analyzed using ultrasonic testing, optical microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Analysis results confirmed the presence of nonmetallic particles close to the slag/steel interface and close to the ladle shroud, as suggested by the modeling results. The analyses also showed that the slag/steel interface is very irregular, despite the low velocities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 33, no 2, 173-185 p.
ladle metallurgy, stirred ladle, mass-transfer, model
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21443ISI: 000174817000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21443DiVA: diva2:340141
NR 201408042010-08-102010-08-102013-02-24Bibliographically approved