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Predicting miscibility gaps in reciprocal liquids
KTH, Superseded Departments, Materials Science and Engineering.
2001 (English)In: Calphad, ISSN 0364-5916, E-ISSN 1873-2984, Vol. 25, no 4, 599-605 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a strong correlation between the appearance of liquid miscibility gaps in reciprocal phases and the standard Gibbs energy of the reciprocal reaction, DeltadegreesG. The associate solution model does not predict such a correlation but the two-sublattice model does. Physically, the critical temperature of a reciprocal miscibility gap is related to DeltadegreesG and is also affected by the presence of short range order. The latter effect can be estimated from DeltadegreesG using the conformal solution theory which was developed for reciprocal systems with univalent ions. In that approximation the short range order effect is described with a reciprocal parameter. The estimate of that parameter for systems with different valencies is now discussed. The calculated phase diagram may be reasonable for low values of the reciprocal parameter, relative to DeltadegreesG, but is not satisfactory for large values because two asymmetric miscibility gaps will appear when the critical temperature has been suppressed to 3/4 of the value predicted without a reciprocal term. An alternative form of the reciprocal term is now proposed, which does not produce the splitting into two miscibility gaps.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 25, no 4, 599-605 p.
Keyword [en]
regular solution model, phases
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21448ISI: 000174846500009OAI: diva2:340146
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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