Modified phthalocyanines for efficient near-IR sensitization of nanostructured TiO2 electrode
2002 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 124, no 17, 4922-4932 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A zinc phthalocyanine with tyrosine substituents (ZnPcTyr), modified for efficient far-red/near-IR performance in dye-sensitized nanostructured TiO2 solar cells, and its reference, glycine-substituted zinc phthalocyanine, (ZnPcGly), were synthesized and characterized. The compounds were studied spectroscopically, electrochemically, and photoelectrochemically. Incorporating tyrosine groups into phthalocyanine makes the dye ethanol-soluble and reduces surface aggregation as a result of steric effects. The performance of a solar cell based on ZnPcTyr is much better than that based on ZnPcGly. Addition of 3alpha,7alpha-dihydroxy-5beta-cholic acid (cheno) and 4-tert-butylpyridine (TBP) to the dye solution when preparing a dye-sensitized TiO2 electrode diminishes significantly the surface aggregation and, therefore, improves the performance of solar cells based on these phthalocyanines. The highest monochromatic incident photo-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) of similar to24% at 690 nm and an overall conversion efficiency (eta) of 0.54% were achieved for a cell based on a ZnPcTyr-sensitized TiO2 electrode. Addition of TBP in the electrolyte decreases the IPCE and eta considerably, although it increases the open-circuit photovoltage. Time-resolved transient absorption measurements of interfacial electron-transfer kinetics in a ZnPoTyr-sensitized nanostructured 702 thin film show that electron injection from the excited state of the dye into the conduction band of TiO2 is completed in similar to500 fs and that more than half of the injected electrons recombines with the oxidized dye molecules in similar to300 ps. In addition to surface aggregation, the very fast electron recombination is most likely responsible for the low performance of the solar cell based on ZnPcTyr.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 124, no 17, 4922-4932 p.
solar-cells, charge recombination, photosystem-ii, thin-films, oxygen, light, zinc, fabrication, conversion, injection
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21494DOI: 10.1021/ja0178012ISI: 000175227600064OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21494DiVA: diva2:340192
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved