Ohmic contact formation on inductively coupled plasma etched 4H-silicon carbide
2002 (English)In: Journal of Electronic Materials, ISSN 0361-5235, E-ISSN 1543-186X, Vol. 31, no 5, 340-345 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We report on the investigation of ohmic contact formation using sputtered titanium-tungsten contacts on an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etch-damaged 4H-SiC surface. Transfer length method (TLM) measurements were performed to characterize how ICP-etch damage affects the performance of ohmic contacts to silicon carbide. In order to recover etch damage, high-temperature oxidation (1250degreesC for 1 h) was evaluated for one of the samples. Some of the etch damage was recovered, but it did not fully recover the etch damage for the sample etched with medium platen power (60 W). From our TLM measurements, the specific contact resistance (rho(C) of sputtered titanium tungsten on highly doped n(+)-type 4H-SiC epilayers with a doping of 1.1 X 10(19) cm(-3) for the unetched reference sample, 30-W etched, and 60-W etched with and without sacrificial oxidation was as low as 3.8 X 10(-5) Omegacm(2), 3.3 X 10(-5) Omega cm(2), 2.3 X 10(-4) Omegacm(2), and 1.3 X 10(-3) Omegacm(2), respectively. We found that the low-power (30 W) ICP-etching process did not affect the formation of ohmic contacts, and we did not observe any difference between the unetched and the 30-W etched sample from our TLM measurements, having the same value of the rho(C). However, medium-platen-power (60 W) ICP etching showed significant influence on the ohmic contact formation. We found that the specific contact resistance is highly related to the surface roughness and quality of the metals, and the lower, specific contact resistance is due to the smoother and denser ohmic contacts.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 31, no 5, 340-345 p.
ohmic contacts, inductively coupled plasma, 4H-SiC, AFM, silicon-carbide, chemistries, tungsten, mixtures, damage, films
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21571ISI: 000175804600003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21571DiVA: diva2:340269
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved