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Oxygen enriched air supply in Escherichia coli processes: production of biomass and recombinant human growth hormone
KTH, Superseded Departments, Biotechnology.
2002 (English)In: Enzyme and microbial technology, ISSN 0141-0229, E-ISSN 1879-0909, Vol. 30, no 7, 847-854 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to investigate the impact of high oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations, Escherichia coli was grown in batch cultivations where the air supply was enriched with either oxygen or carbon dioxide. The effect of elevated concentrations of oxygen and carbon dioxide on stochiometric and kinetic constants was studied this way. The maximum growth rate was significantly reduced, the production of acetic acid and the biomass yield coefficient on glucose increased in cultures with carbon dioxide enriched air, compared to reference cultivations and cultivations with oxygen enriched air. The application of oxygen enriched air was studied in high cell density cultivations of Escherichia coli. Two production processes were chosen to investigate the impact of oxygen enrichment. Biomass concentration, specific growth rate, yield coefficient, respiration, mixed acid fermentation products and the product yield and quality for the recombinant product were investigated. First, a process for the production of biomass was investigated. Exponential growth could proceed for a longer time and higher growth rates could be maintained with oxygen enriched air supply. However, a higher specific oxygen consumption rate per glucose was measured after the start of the oxygen enrichment, indicating higher maintenance and consequently the growth rate and yield coefficient decreased drastically in the end of the process. Second, a process for the production of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) was investigated. Although the glucose feed rate and all medium components were doubled, the amount of produced biomass could only be increased by 77% when oxygen enriched air (40% oxygen) supply was applied. This was due to a decreased yield coefficient of biomass per glucose. The total amount of produced product was decreased by almost 50% compared to the control, although less proteolytically degraded variants were produced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 30, no 7, 847-854 p.
Keyword [en]
fed-batch cultivation, carbon-dioxide, penicillin production, dissolved-oxygen, culture, scale, fermentation, protein, system
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21591ISI: 000175961300003OAI: diva2:340289
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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