Amphiphilic polymer gel electrolytes. 4. Ion transport and dynamics as studied by multinuclear pulsed field gradient spin-echo NMR
2002 (English)In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 35, no 13, 5097-5104 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The transport dynamics in gel electrolytes based on amphiphilic polymers was found to be faster than in gel electrolytes based on corresponding nonamphiphilic polymers. The amphiphilic polymer studied was a polymethacrylate grafted with fluorocarbon and (EO)(9) side chains, and the nonamphiphilic one was a polymethacrylate carrying only (EO)(9) side chains. Self-diffusion coefficients of gel electrolytes based on the two polymers with different contents of 1 M lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide (LiTFSI) salt in gamma-butyrolactone were determined by H-1, F-19, and Li-7 pulsed field gradient spin-echo NMR spectroscopy. The polymer self-diffusion coefficients showed that the amphiphilic polymer molecules diffused faster than the nonamphiphilic ones and seemed more intramolecularly aggregated than intermolecularly. At electrolyte contents above 43 wt %, the ion conductivity of the amphiphilic polymer gel electrolytes was higher than for the corresponding gel based on the nonamphiphilic polymer under identical conditions, as measured by impedance spectroscopy. Moreover, the lithium ion diffusion coefficient in the amphiphilic gel electrolytes was found to be significantly higher than that for corresponding gels based on the nonamphiphilic polymer, The higher ethylene oxide content of the nonamphiphilic polymer decreased the mobility of the lithium ions due to cooperative coordination of lithium ions by ether oxygens in comparison with gamma-BL. The TFSI anion diffusion was however approximately the same in the two gel systems. Consequently, the apparent lithium transference number (taudivided by) of the amphiphilic gels was higher by almost a factor of 3 as compared to that of the gels based on the nonamphiphilic polymer. A splitting of the TFSI signal in the F-19 NMR spectra suggested that the TFSI anions in the amphiphilic polymer gels were partly present in a solvent-rich environment and partly associated with the aggregates formed by the fluorinated side chains. This kind of splitting was not observed in the spectra of the gels based on the nonamphiphilic polymer. The association of TFSI anions to the aggregated fluorinated side chains may thus also play a role in increasing the value of taudivided by for the amphiphilic polymer gels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 35, no 13, 5097-5104 p.
self-diffusion coefficients, magnetic-resonance, lithium, conductivity, anion, surface, oxide), polydispersity, spectroscopy, association
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21618DOI: 10.1021/ma020215oISI: 000176215500035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21618DiVA: diva2:340316
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved