Metal contamination at a wood preservation site: characterisation and experimental studies on remediation
2002 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 290, no 03-jan, 165-180 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this investigation was to determine the occurrence of As, Cu, Cr and Zn in the soil at an abandoned wood preservation unit and to examine some possible extractants for the contaminants in the soil. The mean As content of the contaminated surface soils (0-10 cm) was 186 mg kg(-1), where as the mean concentrations of Cu, Cr and Zn in soils from the contaminated area were 26, 29 and 91 mg kg(-1), respectively. The elevated As content in the mineral soils is related to adsorption of inorganic As phases in the fine grained fractions, which are characterised by large surface area and high positive surface charge under the current acidic conditions. Cu and Cr were found to be rather mobile, which is reflected in their lower abundance in soils and significant accumulation in sediments in the drainage leaving the area. The fine fraction of the soil (<0.125 mm) has an average metal content increased by nearly 34% as compared to the <2-mm fraction conventionally used for the analysis and assessment of soil contamination. The <2-mm fraction constitutes approximately 65% of the total weight while the fine fraction (< 0.125 mm) constitutes approximately 10%. These facts, taken together, are essential for the choice of remediation measures. Oxalate solutions have been tested as extractants for soil remediation. Dark acid oxalate extraction dissolves the amorphous Al- and Fe-oxides and hydroxides and mobilises the adsorbed inorganic As species. Oxalate also acts as a ligand for the cationic heavy metals, releasing them from exchangeable sites. With a three-step sequential leaching, up to 98-99% of the metals could be removed. At lower concentrations and higher pH, the leaching decreased to approximately 70%.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 290, no 03-jan, 165-180 p.
arsenic, chromium, copper, zinc, wood preservation, CCA, soil, chemical remediation, chromated copper arsenate, spectroscopic analysis, chromium, soils, adsorption, zinc, ph, speciation, solubility, chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21625ISI: 000176314500014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21625DiVA: diva2:340323
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved