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Effect of alloying elements on the gamma to alpha transformation in steel. I
KTH, Superseded Departments, Materials Science and Engineering.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Metallurgy.
2002 (English)In: Acta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6454, E-ISSN 1873-2453, Vol. 50, no 12, 3211-3225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A newly constructed computer program was used to simulate partitionless growth of alpha in gamma of Fe-Ni-C alloys, taking into account so-called solute drag by evaluating the dissipation of Gibbs energy due to diffusion inside the interface and in the nickel spike being pushed in front of it. It could be shown how the conditions at the alpha/gamma interface vary with the velocity. A continuous change from paraequilibrium to quasi-paraconditions could be illustrated in the phase diagram. By combination with an approximate analytical growth equation, it was possible to derive the thickness of a as function of time. The growth velocity was assumed to start at very high values but decreased due to the pile-up of carbon. For alloy compositions outside the limit for quasi-paraconditions and just inside it the growth was predicted to stop suddenly when critical conditions are approached during the reaction. For alloy compositions further inside the limit, there was no such stop, except by the action of impingement of diffusion fields for carbon. Somewhere between the lines for paraequilibrium and quasi-paraconditions there is a rather rapid drop of the final thickness of a. In order to explain experimental information on this drop one must accept an appreciable tendency of segregation of nickel to the alpha/gamma interface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 50, no 12, 3211-3225 p.
Keyword [en]
solute drag, paraequilibrium, simulation, diffusion, steel, solute drag, proeutectoid ferrite, gibbs energy, dissipation, boundaries, diffusion, system, growth, ni, mn
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21746ISI: 000177017100013OAI: diva2:340444
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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