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A three-dimensional finite element model for arterial clamping
2002 (English)In: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, ISSN 0148-0731, Vol. 124, no 4, 355-363 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Clamp induced injuries of the arterial wall may determine the outcome of surgical procedures. Thus, it is important to investigate the underlying mechanical effects. We present a three-dimensional finite element model, which allows the study of the mechanical response of an artery-treated as a two-layer tube-during arterial clamping. The important residual stresses, which are associated with the load free configuration of the artery, are also considered. In particular, the finite element analysis of the deformation process of a clamped artery and the associated stress distribution is presented. Within the clamping area a zone of axial tensile peak-stresses was identified, which (may) cause intimal and medial injury. This is an additional injury mechanism, which clearly differs from the commonly assumed wall damage occurring due to compression between the jaws of the clamp. The proposed numerical model provides essential insights into the mechanics of the clamping procedure and the associated injury mechanisms. It allows detailed parameter studies on a virtual clamped artery, which can not be performed with other methodologies. This approach has the potential to identify the most appropriate clamps for certain types of arteries and to guide optimal clamp design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 124, no 4, 355-363 p.
Keyword [en]
arterial clamp, arterial wall mechanics, arterial histology, structural model, residual stress, finite element analysis, finite element model, mediated vascular relaxation, endothelial injury, stress, wall, strain, mechanics, behavior, layers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21805DOI: 10.1115/1.1485284ISI: 000177356200004OAI: diva2:340503
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Gasser, T. ChristianHolzapfel, Gerhard A.
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