The effect of stabilizer concentration on the air-plasma-induced surface oxidation of crosslinked polydimethylsiloxane
2002 (English)In: Polymer degradation and stability, ISSN 0141-3910, E-ISSN 1873-2321, Vol. 78, no 1, 17-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The concentrations of three stabilizers-a hindered phenol (Irganox 1076), a hindered amine light stabilizer (Tinuvin 770) and a bifunctional stabilizer with chain-breaking hindered phenol and secondary amine and hydroperoxide-decomposing sulphide moieties (Irganox 565)-in crosslinked polydimethylsiloxane were varied using swelling solutions of the stabilizers at different concentrations. The concentration of the stabilizer in the rubber was assessed by UV-Vis spectroscopy of Soxhlet and microwave assisted extracts. Irganox 1076 and Tinuvin 770 were soluble in polydimethylsiloxane to at least 0.2-0.3 wt.%, whereas the solubility of Irganox 565 was considerably lower. The samples were exposed to GHz air plasma and the surface structures of the exposed samples were studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and by optical and scanning electron microscopy after uniaxial stretching. The plasma exposure time required for the formation of an oxidised glassy layer increased in a linear fashion with increasing stabilizer concentration, suggesting that the consumption rate was constant in time during the plasma exposure. Tinuvin 770 showed the strongest overall protecting effect whereas Irganox 565 showed the strongest protecting effect per mass fraction of stabilizer. Irganox 1076 was of moderate efficiency. The results suggest that efficient protection towards air plasma is achieved with hindered amine stabilizers or with stabilizers combining chain-breaking and hydroperoxide-decomposing functions. Differential scanning calorimetry showed that Tinuvin 770 and Irganox 565 protected polydimethylsiloxane against thermal oxidation at elevated temperatures. The chemical consumption of these stabilizers followed basically the classical scheme with zero-order kinetics and a rate constant obeying the Arrhenius law.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 78, no 1, 17-25 p.
crosslinked polydimethylsiloxane, air plasma, stabilizers, surface cracking, Soxhlet extraction, microwave assisted extraction, cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21848ISI: 000177667300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21848DiVA: diva2:340546
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved