Rates and mechanism of fluoride and water exchange in UO2F53- and UO2F4(H2O) (2-) studied by NMR spectroscopy and wave function based methods
2002 (English)In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 41, no 21, 5626-5633 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The reaction mechanism for the exchange of fluoride in UO2F53- and UO2F4(H2O)(2-) has been investigated experimentally using F-19 NMR spectroscopy at -5 degreesC, by studying the line broadening of the free fluoride, UO2F42-(aq) UO2F53-, and theoretically using quantum chemical methods to calculate the activation energy for different pathways. The new experimental data allowed us to make a more detailed study of chemical equilibria and exchange mechanisms than in previous studies. From the integrals of the different individual peaks in the new NMR spectra, we obtained the stepwise stability constant K-5 = 0.60 +/- 0.05 M-1 for UO2F53-. The theoretical results indicate that the fluoride exchange pathway of lowest activation energy, 71 kJ/mol, in UO2F53- is water assisted. The pure dissociative pathway has an activation energy of 75 kJ/mol, while the associative mechanism can be excluded as there is no stable UO2F64- intermediate. The quantum chemical calculations have been made at the SCF/MP2 levels, using a conductor-like polarizable continuum model (CPCM) to describe the solvent. The effects of different model assumptions on the activation energy have been studied. The activation energy is not strongly dependent on the cavity size or on interactions between the complex and Na+ counterions. However, the solvation of the complex and the leaving fluoride results in substantial changes in the activation energy. The mechanism for water exchange in UO2F4(H2O)(2-) has also been studied. We could eliminate the associative mechanism, the dissociative mechanism had the lowest activation energy, 39 kJ/mol, while the interchange mechanism has an activation energy that is approximately 50 kJ/mol higher.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 41, no 21, 5626-5633 p.
dioxouranium(vi) complexes, kinetics, exafs
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21976DOI: 10.1021/ic025713sISI: 000178676700043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21976DiVA: diva2:340674
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved