Erosion and redeposition of wall material in controlled fusion devices
2002 (English)In: Vacuum, ISSN 0042-207X, E-ISSN 1879-2715, Vol. 67, no 04-mar, 399-408 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Processes of erosion and redeposition and their impact on plasma facing materials in devices for magnetically confined fusion are discussed. Volatile molecules formed in the erosion process are partly pumped out but the majority of species released from the wall components returns to the surface causing the modification of its morphology. Prompt redeposition and redeposition after global transport reduce the gross erosion at any surface. Detailed analysis shows that erosion and deposition can coexist on otherwise erosion-dominated surfaces due to local inhomogenities. The erosion yield of redeposited material of sub-monolayer thickness significantly differs from that observed for thick targets. On deposition dominated areas one observes the formation of thick co-deposits containing a mixture of trapped fuel atoms (hydrogen isotopes) and species removed originally from the wall. This leads to a large and long-term fuel accumulation (tritium inventory) in a device. Reduced mechanical integrity of such layers stimulates their flaking and peeling-off if a critical thickness has been reached. This, in turn, results in the formation of hydrogen-rich dust particles.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 67, no 04-mar, 399-408 p.
magnetic fusion, erosion, deposition, material transport, textor-94, yields
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-21991DOI: 10.1016/S0042-207X(02)00238-5ISI: 000178803500017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-21991DiVA: diva2:340689
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved