Alkaline degradation of birch and spruce: influence of degradation conditions on molecular mass distributions and fibre strength
2003 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 51, no 3, 255-264 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The alkaline degradation of birch and Norway spruce during kraft pulping was studied on a laboratory scale by two degradation strategies, by varying the pulping time using the same initial alkali level and by varying the initial alkali concentration using a constant time. The degradation at the molecular level was monitored by determining the carbohydrate composition, intrinsic viscosity and-molecular mass distribution (MMD). The influence of the degradation on fibre strength was studied as zero-span tensile index. The alkaline degradation was to a large extent homogeneous on a molecular level. However, some significant differences in degradation patterns were found. In the case of birch, the two different degradation strategies (increased alkali level and increased pulping time) caused differences in MMD and fibre strength (comparisons made at a given intrinsic viscosity or M-w). For spruce pulps, the decrease in fibre strength and the shift in MMD were the same in both series, regardless of degradation strategy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 51, no 3, 255-264 p.
spruce, birch, alkaline degradation, cellulose, hemicelluloses, molar mass distribution, size exclusion chromatography, kraft pulp, fibre strength, weight distribution, kraft pulps, cellulose, softwood, fiber
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-22030ISI: 000179107800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-22030DiVA: diva2:340728
QC 20100525 NR 201408042010-08-102010-08-102012-02-13Bibliographically approved