Analysis of the O-wave in acute right ventricular apex impedance measurements with a standard pacing lead in animals
2002 (English)In: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, ISSN 0140-0118, E-ISSN 1741-0444, Vol. 40, no 5, 512-519 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Modern pacemakers (implantable devices used for maintaining an appropriate heart rate in patients) can use an intracardiac ventricular impedance signal for physiological cardiac stimulation control. Intracardiac ventricular impedance from nine animal subjects is analysed and presented (seven sheep: 49.0 +/- 6.5 kg, sinus rhythm 100.3 +/- 16.5 beats min(-1), average impedance 629.8 +/- 72.6Omega; and two dogs: 30 kg each, sinus rhythm 86.0 beats min(-1), 862.1Omega and 134.0 beats min(-1), 1114.6Omega, respectively). The averaged curve and standard deviation curve of the impedance in sinus rhythm were analysed in MATLAB to clarify and study consistent impedance shape over one heart cycle. In eight of nine (89%) animal subjects, a consistent impedance slope change (notch) was observed in the early stage of the cardiac filling phase. This result was reproduced in an additional subject with simultaneous echocardiographical measurements of mitral valve blood flow. The notch occured soon after rapid early filling (E-wave in mitral flow) but prior to ventricular filling caused by atrial contraction, indicating that the impedance notch was caused by rapid ventricular filling and that it might be a sensed feature of diagnostic value. The intracardiac impedance notch in the present study had similar features to the non-invasive transthoracic impedance O-wave reported by others, and it is shown here that an O-wave is found in intracardiac impedance signals, strongly suggesting that the non-invasive O-wave is caused by cardiac events.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 40, no 5, 512-519 p.
right ventricular impedance, intracardiac impedance, diastole, O-wave, pacing, dielectric-properties, cardiogram, tissues, volume
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-22064ISI: 000179388200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-22064DiVA: diva2:340762
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved