Description of entanglement in terms of quantum phase
2002 (English)In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 66, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We explore the role played by the phase in an accurate description of the entanglement of bipartite systems. We first present an appropriate polar decomposition that leads to a truly Hermitian operator for the phase of a single qubit. We also examine the positive operator-valued measures that can describe the qubit phase properties. When dealing with two qubits, the relative phase seems to be a natural variable to understand entanglement. In this spirit, we propose a measure of entanglement based on this variable.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 66, no 4
conjugate variables, relative phase, 2 qubits, state, gate, representation, distributions, difference, algorithm, universal
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-22087DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.66.042112ISI: 000179502200022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-22087DiVA: diva2:340785
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved