Interfacial orientation of Thermomyces lanuginosa lipase on phospholipid vesicles investigated by electron spin resonance relaxation spectroscopy
2002 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 41, no 48, 14185-14196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The binding orientation of the interfacially activated Thermomyces lanuginosa lipase (TLL, EC 220.127.116.11) on phospholipid vesicles was investigated using site-directed spin labeling and electron spin resonance (ESR) relaxation spectroscopy. Eleven TLL single-cysteine mutants, each with the mutation positioned at the surface of the enzyme, were selectively spin labeled with the nitroxide reagent (1-oxyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-Delta(3)-pyrroline-3-methyl) methanethiosulfonate. These were studied together with small unilamellar vesicles (SUV) consisting of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylglycerol (POPG), to which TLL has previously been shown to bind in a catalytically active form [Cajal, Y., et al. (2000) Biochemistry, 39, 413-423]. The orientation of TLL with respect to the lipid membrane was investigated using, a water-soluble spin relaxation agent. chromium(III) oxalate (Crox), and a recently developed ESR relaxation technique [Lin, Y., et al. (1998) Science 279, 1925-1929], here modified to low microwave amplitude (< 0.36 G). The exposure to Crox for the spin label at the different positions on the surface of TLL was determined in the absence and presence of vesicles. The spin label at positions Gly61-Cys and Thr267-Cys, closest to the active site nucleophile Ser146 of the positions analyzed, displayed the lowest exposure factors to the membrane-impermeable spin relaxant, indicating the proximity to the vesicle surface. As an independent technique, fluorescence spectroscopy was employed to measure fluorescence quenching of dansyl-labeled POPG vesicles as exerted by the protein-bound spin labels. The resulting Stern-Volmer quenching constants showed excellent agreement with the ESR exposure factors. An interfacial orientation of TLL is proposed on the basis of the obtained results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 41, no 48, 14185-14196 p.
alpha/beta-hydrolase fold, candida-rugosa lipase, x-ray crystallography, humicola-lanuginosa, bacteriorhodopsin mutants, triacylglycerol lipase, conformational-changes, triglyceride lipase, substrate-binding, triad forms
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-22089DOI: 10.1021/bi020158rISI: 000179517000012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-22089DiVA: diva2:340787
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-102010-08-30Bibliographically approved