Development and relaxation of orientation in sheared concentrated lyotropic solutions of hydroxypropylcellulose in m-cresol
2003 (English)In: Polymer, ISSN 0032-3861, E-ISSN 1873-2291, Vol. 44, no 4, 1203-1210 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Shear-induced orientation and the relaxation of orientation after the cessation of shear in 45 and 50 wt% solutions of cholesteric hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) in m-cresol have been studied in situ by infrared spectroscopy and polarised microscopy. The shearing experiments were conducted at 30-80 degreesC at shear rates of 1-300 s(-1), which covered the director tumbling, wagging and a small part of the steady-state shear rate regimes. The steady-state order parameter was proportional to the shear rate and the proportionality constant increased with increasing HPC concentration and decreasing temperature. The concentrated solutions studied showed steady-state alignment even in the tumbling regime. Three different shear-rate regions with different behaviours of the solutions after the cessation of shear were found in these concentrated HPC solutions. At low shear rates (1-5 s(-1), referring to the 50% HPC solution) the polymer remained isotropic during shear but became gradually more oriented a few minutes after the cessation of shear, an observation that was substantiated by polarized microscopy. The order parameter reached a final plateau value and stayed constant at this level for long periods of time (similar to24 h). At intermediate shear rates (from 5 to 50 s(-1) for the 50% HPC solution), a detectable order parameter was recorded at steady shear and, after the cessation of shear, the structure returned to an almost isotropic state within a few minutes, after which the orientation gradually started to increase to approach a plateau value after about 150 min. At even higher shear rates (similar to100 s(-1) for to the 50% HPC solution), the initial steady shear order parameter relaxed to an almost isotropic state and remained constant at this level for time periods extending up to 24 h.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 44, no 4, 1203-1210 p.
lyotropics, shearing, orientation, liquid-crystalline polymers, x-ray-scattering, poly(benzyl glutamate) solutions, molecular-orientation, aqueous hydroxypropylcellulose, neutron-scattering, rodlike polymers, rheology, flow, alignment
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-22201ISI: 000180585400034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-22201DiVA: diva2:340899
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved