B4C-limiter experiments at TEXTOR
2003 (English)In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 313, 223-229 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the TEXTOR tokamak the five top and five bottom poloidal carbon limiter blocks have been replaced by inertially cooled copper blocks coated with a 170 mum VPS-B4C layer. Similar limiter blocks have been inserted through lock systems, extensively diagnosed in situ as well as ex situ. During the thermal load by the plasma, the surface temperature rose and decayed extremely fast which can be explained by a different thermal conductivity and heat capacity of the coating. For heat loads below 8 MW m(-2) no severe cracking or delamination of the B4C-coating were observed. Due to the insulating behaviour of the layer, distinct craters developed on both limiter types, which reached down to the copper surface and are assumed to be caused by electrical arcs. An oscillation of the evolution of the surface temperature has been observed under certain conditions, which is clearly correlated to the use of the coated test limiter. Particle fluxes as well as hydrogen inventory turned out to be very similar to those from a low-Z surface in a carbon surrounding. No significant impact of the plasma on the coating and vice versa was observed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 313, 223-229 p.
B4C, limiter, heat loads, arcing, optical spectroscopy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-22408DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3115(02)01577-5ISI: 000182146700040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-22408DiVA: diva2:341106
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved