Effect of light power density variations on bulk curing properties of dental composites
2003 (English)In: Journal of Dentistry, ISSN 0300-5712, E-ISSN 1879-176X, Vol. 31, no 3, 189-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective. The hypothesis that low light intensity and long but sufficient curing time can produce composites with volumetric shrinkage, degree of conversion (DC%) and Young's modulus (E-modulus) comparable to those of high light intensity cured composite was tested, when the contraction strain and heat generation were lower with Low Light intensity curing. Methods. Dental composites (Z100 and Z250, 3M ESPE) were investigated. Specimens were cured with Light intensities of 200, 450 and 800 mW/cm(2) for 140, 60 and 35 s from a distance of 7 mm. Strain-gages were used for contraction strain measurements. DC% was measured at the top and the bottom of 4 mm thick samples using FT-Raman spectroscopy. Volumetric polymerization shrinkage was determined using a water displacement method. E-modulus was determined in tension on composite specimens. Results. The results were analyzed using ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range tests and regular t-test. Polymerization stress Level decreased significantly (p < 0.05) when cured with 200 mW/cm(2) rather than with 800 mW/cm(2). Temperature rises were significantly different (p < 0.05) for different composites and light intensity values. Reduction in light intensity did not decrease the DC% values significantly at the top surfaces. The most dramatic differences existed between top and bottom surfaces (p < 0.05) rather than among curing groups. Measured E-modulus and volumetric shrinkage values were not significantly different (p > 0.05) between different light intensity groups. Conclusion. DC%, E-modulus and the volumetric shrinkage values in cured composites were not affected by low Light intensity, however, the contraction strain and polymerization's exotherm were decreased. Thus our results support the proposed hypothesis. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 31, no 3, 189-196 p.
light-cure composites, degree of conversion, polymerization stress, light intensity, elastic modulus, skrinkage, resin composites, mechanical-properties, contraction stresses, filling materials, intensity, conversion, cure, restoration, shrinkage, bisgma
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-22500DOI: 10.1016/s0300-5712(03)00015-0ISI: 000182878600005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-22500DiVA: diva2:341198
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved