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Scour development downstream of a spillway
KTH, Superseded Departments, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2003 (English)In: Journal of Hydraulic Research, ISSN 0022-1686, Vol. 41, no 4, 417-426 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The scouring process downstream of spillways is an important research topic of value in engineering practice. The objectives of the present experimental study were to examine the similarity development of scour profiles, the controlling scour mechanism and predictions of the scour geometry. No experimental evidence was found in support of the similarity assumption for the scouring process. Scouring downstream of a spillway is controlled by large secondary flows and a vortex system induced by a hydraulic jump. The main dimensionless parameters controlling the scouring process are the relative operating head, the relative sediment size, and the relative roughness of the scour protective plate. The maximum scour depth and the rate of sediment transport can be estimated by using simple, power-type equations that relate the scour geometry to the controlling scour parameters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 41, no 4, 417-426 p.
Keyword [en]
scouring, spillways, scour similarity, scour equations, sediment transport, temporal scouring, hydraulic jumps, flow visualization, secondary flows
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-22767ISI: 000184971700007OAI: diva2:341465
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Dargahi, Bijan
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