ATRP grafting from cellulose fibers to create block-copolymer grafts
2003 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 4, no 6, 1740-1745 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cellulose fibers, in the form of a conventional filter paper, have been modified by reacting the hydroxyl groups on the fiber surface with 2-bromoisobutyryl bromide, followed by grafting using ATRP conditions. The papers were first grafted with methyl acrylate (MA), rendering the paper very hydrophobic as reported in an earlier work. The papers were analyzed by gravimetry, FT-IR, ESCA, and AFM. To verify that the polymerization from the surface was living, a second layer of another, hydrophilic, polymer, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), was grafted upon the PMA layer, creating a block-copolymer graft from the fibers. After the layer of PHEMA had been attached, contact angle measurements were no longer possible, because of the absorbing nature of PHEMA-grafted layer. This indicates that a copolymer had indeed been formed on the surface. FT-IR showed a large increase in carbonyl content after the PHEMA-grafting, which further proves that a layer of PHEMA was attached to the PMA layer. This goes to show that the hydrophilic/ hydrophobic behavior of a cellulose surface can be tailored by the use of living/controlled radical polymerization methods such as ATRP.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 4, no 6, 1740-1745 p.
transfer radical polymerization, well-defined polymer, methyl-methacrylate, ambient-temperature, molecular-weight, surface, polydispersity, acrylonitrile, polystyrene, substrate
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-22980DOI: 10.1021/bm030046vISI: 000186729700037OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-22980DiVA: diva2:341678
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-102010-10-22Bibliographically approved