Logic programming in the context of multiparadigm programming: the Oz experience
2003 (English)In: Theory and Practice of Logic Programming, ISSN 1471-0684, E-ISSN 1475-3081, Vol. 3, 717-763 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Oz is a multiparadigm language that supports logic programming as one of its major paradigms. A multiparadigm language is designed to support different programming paradigms (logic, functional, constraint, object-oriented, sequential, concurrent, etc.) with equal ease. This paper has two goals: to give a tutorial of logic programming in Oz; and to show how logic programming fits naturally into the wider context of multiparadigm programming. Our experience shows that there are two classes of problems, which we call algorithmic and search problems, for which logic programming can help formulate practical solutions. Algorithmic problems have known efficient algorithms. Search problems do not have known efficient algorithms but can be solved with search. The Oz support for logic programming targets these two problem classes specifically, using the concepts needed for each. This is in contrast to the Prolog approach, which targets both classes with one set of concepts, which results in less than optimal support for each class. We give examples that can be run interactively on the Mozart system, which implements Oz, To explain the essential difference between algorithmic and search programs, we define the Oz execution model. This model subsumes both concurrent logic programming (committed-choice-style) and search-based logic programming (Prolog-style). Furthermore, as consequences of its multiparadigm nature, the model supports new abilities such as first-class top levels, deep guards, active objects, and sophisticated control of the search process. Instead of Horn clause syntax, Oz has a simple, fully compositional, higher-order syntax that accommodates the abilities of the language. We give a brief history of Oz that traces the development of its main ideas and we summarize the lessons learned from this work. Finally, we give many entry points into the Oz literature.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 3, 717-763 p.
multiparadigm programming, language design, Prolog, Oz, encapsulated search, concurrent constraint programming, history, software development, languages, machine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23023ISI: 000187289300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-23023DiVA: diva2:341721
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved