Semi-crystalline thermoset resins: tailoring rheological properties in melt using comb structures with crystalline grafts
2004 (English)In: Progress in organic coatings, ISSN 0300-9440, Vol. 49, no 1, 13-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thermosetting resins with semi-crystalline grafts have been synthesized. An amorphous resin with epoxide groups was first functionalized with hydroxyl groups using 2,2-bis(methylol) propionic acid, bis-MPA in bulk at 155 degreesC. Functionalization with bis-MPA was monitored using FT-IR, FT-Raman and SEC. The reaction was complete in 30 min. Grafts of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) were then grown from the hydroxyl functional resin and end capped with methacrylate groups. The polymerization Of epsilon-caprolactone, performed in bulk at 110 degreesC using Sn(Oct)(2), was characterized using H-1 NMR and SEC. The obtained molecular weights agreed well with theoretical values. The final end capping was performed using methacrylic anhydride, and monitored with SEC and H-1 NMR, which indicated full substitution. Two combs were synthesized with different arm lengths, DP 10 and 20, and the obtained M-W were close to calculated values. The complex viscosity was measured from low to high temperature for the crystalline resins, the amorphous resin and blends thereof. Rheological data show a rapid decrease in viscosity within a temperature change of 10-15 degreesC for the crystalline resins while the amorphous resin exhibited a slow softening. The blends exhibited a behavior in-between that of the crystalline and the amorphous resin. Films were prepared from the pure resins and the blends. The films were cured using UV irradiation. The comb architecture of these resins has advantages such as crystallinity, high molecular weight and low viscosity, facilitating leveling and resulting in smooth films. The final film properties varied with the ratio of crystalline to amorphous resin, where increase in the amount of crystalline resin correlated with increased the flexibility.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 49, no 1, 13-22 p.
thermoset, melt viscosity, semi-crystalline, comb polymer, viscoelastic properties, shaped polystyrenes, polyesters, viscosity, polymers
Chemical Sciences Polymer Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23112DOI: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2003.07.001ISI: 000188413800002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0346055334OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-23112DiVA: diva2:341810
QC 20100525 QC 20111101 QC201507302010-08-102010-08-102015-07-30Bibliographically approved