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Superparamagnetism of magnetite nanoparticles: Dependence on surface modification
KTH, Superseded Departments, Materials Science and Engineering.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Materials Science and Engineering.
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2004 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 20, no 6, 2472-2477 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) with an average particle diameter of 6 nm are prepared by controlled chemical coprecipitations. Colloidal suspensions of noninteracting SPION, where the surface has been modified with three different types of biocompatible substances, namely, starch, gold (An), and methoxypoly(ethylene glycol) (MPEG) have been fabricated via three different techniques. Starch-coated SPION are prepared by coprecipitation in a polymeric matrix, Au-coated SPION are fabricated by the microemulsion method, and MPEG-coated SPION are prepared using the self-assembly approach. The magnetic nanoparticles form a core-shell structure, and the magnetic dipole-dipole interactions are screened by a layer of coating agents. The amounts of coating agents and SPION are indirectly calculated from the thermogravinietric analysis and superconducting quantum interference device measurements by assuming passive oxidation on the surface of the SPION, and the other conditions do not influence the measurements. The dependency of the spectral characteristics of Mossbauer spectroscopy as a function of an external magnetic field H-ext is measured to investigate the effect of dipole-dipole screening of the different coating layers on the SPION. Uncoated SPION show a stable magnetic moment under H-etx and the superparamagnetic (SPM) fraction transforms to a ferrimagnetic state. Starch and Au-coated SPION retain the SPM fraction according to Mossbauer spectroscopy and magnetization measurements. MPEG-coated SPION show hyperfine magnetic structure without the quadrupole effect with increasing the value of the blocking temperature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 20, no 6, 2472-2477 p.
Keyword [en]
iron-oxide nanoparticles, fe3o4 particles, biomedical applications, epitaxial-films, size, magnetization, mossbauer, dextran, liquids
National Category
Materials Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23254DOI: 10.1021/la035648eISI: 000220159800067ScopusID: 2-s2.0-1842529552OAI: diva2:341952
QC 20100525 QC 20111028Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10 Last updated: 2011-10-28Bibliographically approved

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