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Coadsorption and surface forces for selective surfaces in contact with aqueous mixtures of oppositely charged surfactants and low charge density polyelectrolytes
KTH, Superseded Departments, Chemistry.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Chemistry.
2004 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 20, no 8, 3221-3230 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The coadsorption of a positively charged polyelectrolyte (with 10% of the segments carrying a permanent positive charge, AM-MAPTAC-10) and an anionic surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS) on silica and glass surfaces has been investigated using optical reflectometry and a noninterferometric surface force technique. This is a selective coadsorption system in the sense that the polyelectrolyte does adsorb to the surface in the absence of surfactant, whereas the surfactant does not adsorb in the absence of polyelectrolyte. It is found that the total adsorbed amount goes through a maximum when the SDS concentration is increased. Maximum adsorption is found when the polyelectrolyte/surfactant complexes formed in bulk solution are close to the charge neutralization point. Some adsorption does occur also when SDS is present in significant excess. The force measured between AM-MAPTAC-10-coated surfaces on approach in the absence of SDS is dominated at long range by an electrostatic double-layer force. Yet, layers formed by coadsorption from solutions containing both polyelectrolyte and surfactant generate long-range forces of an electrosteric nature. On separation, adhesive interactions are found only when the adsorbed amount is low, i.e., in the absence of SDS and in a large excess of SDS. The final state of the adsorbed layer is found to be nonhysteretic, i.e., independent of the history of the system. The conditions for formation of long-lived trapped adsorption states from mixed polymer-surfactant solutions are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 20, no 8, 3221-3230 p.
Keyword [en]
sodium dodecyl-sulfate, nonionic cellulose polymers, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, cationic polyelectrolyte, integral-equations, anionic surfactant, adsorption, silica, mica, interfaces
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23317DOI: 10.1021/la035752wISI: 000220750300034ScopusID: 2-s2.0-2342427599OAI: diva2:342015
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10 Last updated: 2011-11-01Bibliographically approved

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