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The solvation of Li+ and Na+ in acetonitrile from ab initio-derived many-body ion-solvent potentials
KTH, Superseded Departments, Biotechnology.
2004 (English)In: Chemical Physics, ISSN 0301-0104, E-ISSN 1873-4421, Vol. 300, no 03-jan, 165-176 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several Li--(+) and Na+-acetonitrile models were derived from ab initio calculations at the counterpoise-corrected MP2/ TZV++(d,p) level for distorted ion-(MeCN)(n) clusters with n = 1, 4 and 6. Two different many-body ion-acetonitrile models were constructed: an effective three-body potential for use with the six-site effective pair model of Bohm et al., and an effective polarizable many-body model. The polarizable acetonitrile model used in the latter model is a new empirical model which was also derived in the present paper. Mainly for comparative purposes, two ion-acetonitrile pair potentials were also constructed from the ab initio cluster calculations: one pure pair potential and one effective pair potential. Using all these potential models, MD simulations in the NPT ensemble were performed for the pure acetonitrile liquid and for Li+(MeCN) and Na+(MeCN) solutions with 1 ion in 512 solvent molecules and with a simulation time of at least 120 ps per system. Thermodynamic properties, solvation-shell structure and the self-diffusion coefficient of the ions and of the solvent molecules were calculated and compared between the different models and with experimental data, where available. The Li+ ion is found to be four-coordinated when the new many-body potentials are used, in contrast to the six-coordinated structure obtained for the pure pair and effective pair potentials. The coordination number of Na+ close to six for all the models derived here, although the coordination number becomes slightly smaller with the many-body potentials. For both ions, the solvent molecules in the first shell point their nitrogen ends towards the cation, while in the second shell the opposite orientation is the most common.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 300, no 03-jan, 165-176 p.
Keyword [en]
acetonitrile, lithium, sodium, molecular dynamics, ab initio, molecular-orbital methods, transfer thermodynamic functions, standard electrode-potentials, monte-carlo simulations, gaussian-basis sets, water mixtures, computer-simulation, liquid acetonitrile, dimethyl-sulfoxide, binding-energies
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23345DOI: 10.1016/j.chemphys.2004.01.011ISI: 000220935400017OAI: diva2:342043
QC 20100525Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10Bibliographically approved

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