Life cycle assessment Part 2: Current impact assessment practice
2004 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 30, no 5, 721-739 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Providing our society with goods and services contributes to a wide range of environmental impacts. Waste generation, emissions and the consumption of resources occur at many stages in a product's life cycle-from raw material extraction, energy acquisition, production and manufacturing, use, reuse, recycling, through to ultimate disposal. These all contribute to impacts such as climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, photooxidant formation (smog), eutrophication, acidification, toxicological stress on human health and ecosystems, the depletion of resources and noise-among others. The need exists to address these product-related contributions more holistically and in an integrated manner, providing complimentary insights to those of regulatory/process-oriented methodologies. A previous article (Part 1, Rebitzer et al., 2004) outlined how to define and model a product's life cycle in current practice, as well as the methods and tools that are available for compiling the associated waste, emissions and resource consumption data into a life cycle inventory. This article highlights how practitioners and researchers from many domains have come together to provide indicators for the different impacts attributable to products in the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) phase of life cycle assessment (LCA).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 30, no 5, 721-739 p.
life cycle assessment, waster generation, emission, ozone creation potentials, decision-analytic framework, toxicity potentials, priority assessment, human health, parameter uncertainty, substances, lca, hydrocarbons, variability
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23428DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2003.12.009ISI: 000221501800012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-1842509970OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-23428DiVA: diva2:342126
QC 20100525 QC 201111032010-08-102010-08-102011-11-03Bibliographically approved