Formation of multilayers on silica surfaces of a cationic polyelectrolyte and dissolved and colloidal substances originating from mechanical wood pulp-Adsorption and influence on adhesion
2004 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, Vol. 237, no 03-jan, 33-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
By measuring adsorption using a stagnation point reflectometer, it was shown that multilayers consisting of cationic polymers and dissolved and colloidal material released from wood fibres into process waters are formed on an anionic silica surface. The similarity of this experiment to the papermaking process was established. It was established using the JKR-method that this multilayer adsorption had a profound effect on the adhesion, in air, of an elastic polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) probe to these surfaces. The adhesion of PDMS to a bare silica surface showed a large hysteresis, with a much stronger adhesion measured upon the separation of the two surfaces compared with the value obtained from gradually pressing them together. It was suggested that this hysteresis was due to specific interactions (hydrogen bonding) that develop over time. The first adsorbed layer, a cationic poly(dimethyldiallylammoniumchloride) (polyDMDAAC), decreased the magnitude of the hysteresis and gave a relatively low adhesion, which may be due to the fact that these specific interactions were blocked. The subsequent build up of layers of lipophilic wood extractives in the form of colloidal particles and cationic polymer increased the adhesion. This was interpreted as being due to the build up of a soft layer on the stiff mineral surface causing additional energy dissipation upon separation, even though the molecular adhesion was still decreased compared with the bare silica. This was supported by the fact that none of the individual components of the multilayer increased the adhesion when applied in a relatively thin layer on the silica, and by the fact that a thick deposition of cast coated wood extractives gave a very high adhesion. Stearic acid was chosen as a model substance for extractives and deposited onto silica from vapour phase. This resulted in a partial coverage of the surface where the stearic acid was present as patches of different size. This gave a significant reduction of the adhesion. The solid stearic acid melted and was redistributed when confined between the PDMS and the silica. This gave a thinner and more uniform layer. The application of a monolayer of C-18-tails covalently bound to the silica by siloxane links, gave a very significant reduction of the magnitude of the adhesion hystersis. It is concluded that the distribution of the contaminants over the surface is very significant for the adhesion properties. This is relevant to practical papermaking with respect to: (i) the build up of deposits on process equipment and its effect on adhesion to these surfaces; (ii) fibre-fibre adhesion and thereby paper strength, a phenomenon that can never be studied without directly measuring the adhesion, which makes specific solutions to the practical problems possible.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 237, no 03-jan, 33-47 p.
dissolved and colloidal substances, mechanical pulps, papermaking, adsorption, reflectometry, adhesion, aqueous polyvinylamine solutions, cellulosic materials, forces, charge, reflectometry, energy, glass, paper
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23481DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2004.01.029ISI: 000221876600005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-2142734930OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-23481DiVA: diva2:342179
QC 20100525 QC 201111032010-08-102010-08-102011-11-03Bibliographically approved