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OH desorption energies for a palladium catalyst characterised by kinetic modelling and laser-induced fluorescence
KTH, Superseded Departments, Chemical Engineering and Technology.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Chemical Engineering and Technology.
2004 (English)In: Surface Science, ISSN 0039-6028, E-ISSN 1879-2758, Vol. 563, no 03-jan, 145-158 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A kinetic model for the H-2/O-2 reaction on a polycrystalline palladium catalyst has been constructed using CHEMKIN in order to understand the coverage-dependent OH desorption energy. Each adsorbed oxygen atom was modelled to cover four I'd surface sites. The yield of OH and the water production were measured with laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) and microcalorimetry respectively as a function of the relative hydrogen concentration, alpha(H2). The temperature of the catalyst was 1300 K, the total pressure was 13 Pa and the flow was set to 100 SCCM. In fitting the model to the experimental data, the OH desorption energy E-OH(d) was found to have a first-order coverage dependence according to: E-OH(d)(theta) = E-OH(d)(0) - Btheta, where B is a constant set to 92 kJ/mol. The desorption energy at zero coverage E-OH(d)(0) was determined to be 226 kJ/mol. The model could also qualitatively and quantitatively reproduce the apparent desorption energy as a function of alpha(H2); therefore it is believed that the coverage could be predicted by the model. The values for E-OH(d)(theta) were calculated as a function of alpha(H2). From the results of a sensitivity analysis and rate of production calculations' there are strong reasons to believe that the main water-forming reaction on Pd at 1300 K is the hydrogen addition reaction, H + OH reversible arrow H2O. Enthalpy diagrams for the water-forming reactions are also presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 563, no 03-jan, 145-158 p.
Keyword [en]
catalysis, palladium, models of surface kinetics, laser methods, water, hydrogen-oxygen reaction, gas-phase chemistry, water formation, pd(111) surfaces, adsorption, pt(111), oxidation, platinum, mechanism, pd(100)
National Category
Chemical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23629DOI: 10.1016/j.susc.2004.06.153ISI: 000223115400015ScopusID: 2-s2.0-3242666238OAI: diva2:342328
QC 20100525 QC 20110927Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10 Last updated: 2011-09-27Bibliographically approved

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Andrae, Johan C. G.Björnbom, Pehr
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