A study on LiCoO2-rich cathode materials for the MCFC based on the LiCoO2-LiFeO2-NiO ternary system
2004 (English)In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 0019-4686, Vol. 49, no 26, 4709-4717 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A study performed in LiCoO2-rich LiCoO2-LiFeO2-NiO ternary materials for the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) cathodes is reported in this paper. LiCoO2-LiFeO2-NiO ternary materials are considered as more viable alternatives to lithiated NiO, however, the work reported so far has mainly been focused on ternary compositions rich in LiFeO2 or NiO. The present work was carried out by investigating the electrical conductivity and microstructural characteristics of the new materials first in the form of bulk pellets and then in ex situ sintered porous-gas-diffusion (PGD) cathodes. The material study reveals the ability of preparing LiCoO2-LiFeO2-NiO ternary compositions with adequate electrical conductivity by controlling the LiCoO2 content. A bimodal pore structure, appropriate for the MCFC cathode, could be achieved in sintered cathodes prepared with fine powders and pore formers. Further, the cathode fabrication study indicates the nature of the compromise to be made between the electrical conductivity, phase purity, pore structure and porosity in optimization cathodes for MCFC application. The study shows the possibility of preparing LiCoO2-rich LiCoO2-LiFeO2-NiO cathodes with promising electrical and pore structural characteristics for the MCFC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 49, no 26, 4709-4717 p.
MCFC, MCFC cathode, LiCoO2-LiFeO2-NiO ternary materials, electrical conductivity, porous-gas-diffusion (PGD) cathodes, carbonate fuel-cells, lifeo2-licoo2-nio cathodes, performance
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23644DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2004.05.026ISI: 000223262200021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-3242682371OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-23644DiVA: diva2:342343
QC 20100525 QC 201109142010-08-102010-08-102012-03-22Bibliographically approved