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Observation of O+ (P-4-D-4(0)) lines in electron aurora over Svalbard
KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory. University of Southampton, United Kingdom .ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2422-5426
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2004 (English)In: Annales Geophysicae, ISSN 0992-7689, E-ISSN 1432-0576, Vol. 22, no 8, 2805-2817 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This work reports on observations of O+ lines in aurora over Svalbard, Norway. The Spectrographic Imaging Facility measures auroral spectra in three wavelength intervals(H-beta, N-2(+) 1N(0,2) and N-2(+) 1N(1,3)). The oxygen ion P-4-D-4(0) multiplet (4639-4696 Angstrom) is blended with the N-2(+) 1N(1,3) band. It is found that in electron aurora, the brightness of this multiplet, is on average, about 0.1 of the N-2(+) 1N(0,2) total brightness. A joint optical and incoherent scatter radar study of an electron aurora event shows that the ratio is enhanced when the ionisation in the upper E-layer (140-190 km) is significant with respect to the E-layer peak below 130 km. Rayed arcs were observed on one such occasion, whereas on other occasions the auroral intensity was below the threshold of the imager. A one-dimensional electron transport model is used to estimate the cross section for production of the multiplet in electron collisions, yielding 0.18 x 10(-18) cm(2).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 22, no 8, 2805-2817 p.
Keyword [en]
meteorology and atmospheric dynamics, airglow and aurora, ionosphere, particle precipitation, field-aligned currents, optical aurora, spectra, oxygen, radar, impact, excitation, emissions, scatter, n2
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23808ISI: 000224483900015ScopusID: 2-s2.0-4143141474OAI: diva2:342507

QC 20100525 QC 20111101

Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10 Last updated: 2014-12-15Bibliographically approved

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Ivchenko, Nickolay V.
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