Tuning proton coupled electron transfer from tyrosine: A competition between concerted and step-wise mechanisms
2004 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 6, no 20, 4851-4858 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The intra-molecular, proton-coupled electron transfer from a tyrosine residue to covalently linked tris-bipyridine ruthenium(III) complexes in aqueous solution (Ru-III-TyrOH --> Ru-II-TyrO(.) + H+) is studied in two complexes. The Ru-III-TyrOH state is generated by laser flash-induced photo-oxidation in the presence of the electron acceptor methyl viologen. The reaction is shown to follow either a concerted electron transfer-deprotonation (CEP) mechanism or a step-wise mechanism with electron transfer followed by deprotonation (ETPT). The CEP is characterised by a pH-dependent rate constant, a large reorganisation energy (lambda = 1.4 eV at pH = 7) and a significant kinetic isotope effect: k(H)/k(D) = 1.5-3. We can explain the pH-dependence and the high lambda by the pH-dependent DeltaGdegrees' for proton release to bulk water, and by the additional reorganisation energy associated with the proton transfer coordinate (both internal and solvent), respectively. In the calculation of lambda from the temperature dependent rate constant, correction is made for the large entropy increase of the reaction (TDeltaS(rxn) approximate to0.41 eV at pH = 7 and T = 298 K). The step-wise ETPT mechanism on the other hand shows a pH-independent rate, a lower reorganisation energy and no kinetic isotope effect. We propose that our complexes can be used as models to understand proton-coupled electron transfer in radical proteins. We show that the mechanism can be switched between CEP and ETPT by tuning the reaction pH and the electrochemical potential of the Ru-III/II oxidant. With a low driving force for the overall reaction the energy conservative CEP mechanism may dominate, in spite of the higher reorganisation energy as compared to ETPT.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 6, no 20, 4851-4858 p.
photosystem-ii, water oxidation, redox potentials, complex, oxygen, chemistry, phenols
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-23842ISI: 000224755500017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-23842DiVA: diva2:342541
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved