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Characteristics of quasi-static potential structures observed in the auroral return current region by Cluster
KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1594-1861
KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1270-1616
KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Alfvén Laboratory.
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2004 (English)In: Nonlinear processes in geophysics, ISSN 1023-5809, E-ISSN 1607-7946, Vol. 11, no 5-6, 709-720 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Temporal and spatial characteristics of intense quasi-static electric fields and associated electric potential structures in the return current region are discussed using Cluster observations at geocentric distances of about 5 Earth radii. Results are presented from four Cluster encounters with such acceleration structures to illustrate common as well as different features of such structures. The electric field structures are characterized by (all values are projected to 100 cm altitude) peak amplitudes of approximate to 1V/m, bipolar or unipolar profiles, perpendicular scale sizes of approximate to 10km, occurrence at auroral plasma boundaries associated with plasma density gradients, downward field-aligned currents of approximate to 10 muA/m(2), and upward electron beams with characteristic energies of a few hundred eV to a few keV. Two events illustrate he temporal evolution of bipolar, diverging electric field strictures, indicative of positive U-shaped potentials increasing in magnitude from less than 1 kV to a few kV on a few 100s time scale. This is also the typical formation time for ionospheric plasma cavities, which are connected to the potential structure and suggested to evolve hand-in-hand with these. In one of these events an energy decay of inverted-V ions was observed in the upward field-aligned current region prior to the acceleration potential increase in the adjacent downward current region, possibly suggesting that a potential redistribution took place between the two current branches. The other two events were characterized by intense unipolar electric fields, indicative of S-shaped potential contours and were encountered at the polar cap boundary. The total observation time for these events was typically 10-20 s, too short for monitoring the evolution of the structure, bui yet of interest for revealing their short term stability. The locations of the two bipolar events at the poleward boundary of the central plasma sheet and of the two unipolar events at the polar cap boundary, suggest that the special profile shape depends on whether plasma populations, dense enough to support upward field-aligned currents and closure of the return current, exist on both sides, or on one side only, of the boundary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 11, no 5-6, 709-720 p.
Keyword [en]
electric-fields, black aurora, acceleration, polar, freja
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24006ISI: 000226836600017ScopusID: 2-s2.0-12844282266OAI: diva2:342705
QC 20100525 QC 20111101Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-08-10 Last updated: 2011-11-01Bibliographically approved

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Marklund, Göran T.Karlsson, TomasFigueiredo, SoniaJohansson, TommyLindqvist, Per-Arne
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