Synthesis of phthalocyanines with two carboxylic acid groups and their utilization in solar cells based on nanostructured TiO2
2004 (English)In: Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines, ISSN 1088-4246, E-ISSN 1099-1409, Vol. 8, no 10, 1228-1235 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A way of anchoring unsymmetrical phthalocyaninato-metal complexes (metal ion: zinc and ruthenium) is described. The synthesis and characterization of these complexes are presented. In case of the zinc complex, the obtained product is an aggregate, while only the monomer is obtained in the case of the ruthenium derivative. Both complexes could be attached onto the TiO2 surface by using the reported method. Both dyes are expected to form monolayers with dye molecules standing on the surface of nano-structured TiO2, forming higher-order aggregates with the zinc but not with the ruthenium complex. A highest monochromatic incident photo-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) of 1.6% at 690 nm was obtained for a solar cell based on the Pc-Zn sensitized nano-structured TiO2 electrode, while an IPCE of 23% at 630 nm was obtained for the Pc-Ru sensitized electrode. Overall conversion efficiencies (eta) at a simulated AM 1.5 (100 W.m(-2)) of 0.03% and 0.40% for the zinc and ruthenium complexes were achieved, respectively. The difference in efficiencies could be due to the formation of face-to-face aggregation in the former case. This work shows that the ruthenium complex, with two axial methylpyridine ligands, does not form aggregates in solution nor on the surface of TiO2, making it possible for further construction of supramolecular systems with such types of phthalocyanine.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 8, no 10, 1228-1235 p.
ruthenium phthalocyanine, nanostructured TiO2, solar cells, electron transfer, pyridine ligand, near-ir sensitization, nanocrystalline tio2, electrodes, complexes, oxidation, light, films, zinc
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24023ISI: 000228199400008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24023DiVA: diva2:342722
QC 201005252010-08-102010-08-10Bibliographically approved