An approach to numerical simulation and analysis of molten corium coolability in a boiling water reactor lower head
2010 (English)In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 240, no 9, 2148-2159 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper discusses an approach for application of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method to support development and validation of computationally effective methods for safety analysis, on the example of molten corium coolability in a BWR lower head. The approach consists of five steps designed to ensure physical soundness of the effective method simulation results: (i) analysis and decomposition of a severe accident problem into a set of separate-effect phenomena, (ii) validation of the CFD models on relevant separate-effect experiments for the reactor prototypical ranges of governing parameters, (iii) development of effective models and closures on the base of physical insights gained from relevant experiments and CFD simulations, (iv) using data from the integral experiments and CFD simulations performed under reactor prototypic conditions for validation of the effective model with quantification of uncertainty in the prediction results and (v) application of the computationally effective model to simulate and analyze the severe accident transient under consideration, including sensitivity and uncertainty analysis. Implementation of the approach is illustrated on a so-called effective convectivity model for simulation of turbulent natural convection heat transfer and phase changes in a decay-heated corium pool. It is shown that detailed information obtained from the CFD simulations are instrumental to ensure the effective models capture safety-significant local phenomena, e.g. the enhanced downward heat flux in the vicinity of a cooled control rod guide tube.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 240, no 9, 2148-2159 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-24069DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2009.11.029ISI: 000280657000010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77955427390OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-24069DiVA: diva2:343149
QC 201104052010-08-122010-08-122011-04-05Bibliographically approved